Soil Preparation Before Planting

To have a healthy garden, preparing the soil truly matters. All plants especially vegetable and fruit bearing trees need soil that is rich in nutrients. Some soil is good enough while others need human’s hands to gently prepare it. Here are some tips to have a healthy soil.

Administer a soil test

You can do your own soil test by using a soil test kit that you can buy in any garden store. However result from this test will only reveal the soil phosphorus, pH, potassium, lime, soluble salts, texture, etc. To ensure that you get the result including the amount of diseases, chemical residues and insects, you have to seek the help and guidance from professional garden services.Make sure to know the type of soil in your yard as it will affect how and what are the plants that will blossom in your place.

Adjust your soil pH

Proper soil pH must be achieved first before planting anything to your yard. Very high or very low pH can result to either plant’s nutrients deficiency or poison emission to your plants. The neutral pH value is 7. The roots of a plant can absorb nutrients more when the pH value of the soil ranges from 5.5 to 7. The right garden maintenance actually includes adding some organic substance to your soil for a healthier soil. It can improve soil’s composition, releases nutrients needed by the plants and increases the microbial activity of the soil.

Know the NPK ratio of the soil

N – Nitrogen, P – Phosphorus and K – Potassium are the plant’s primary nutrients. These nutrients are mainly available in chemical non-organic fertilizers. When you purchase a bag of fertilizers always check the amount or percentage of every nutrient written in the package. Nitrogen helps the plant to produce strong leaves and stem. It also adds to achieve a darker green color like the one in broccoli, lettuce, cabbage and herbs. You can add manure to soil and put blood meal or alfalfa meal to ensure that your soil have high level of nitrogen available for the plants.Phosphorus nurtures the roots and quick growth of every plant. It is very important to fruit or vegetable plants that blossom after its flower pollination like squash, tomatoes, cucumbers and more. Bone meal or rock phosphate can be added to the soil to increase its phosphorus content.Potassium fosters root’s strength, disease resistance and adds flavor to the veggie plants like carrots, turnips, onion, garlic and radish. Wood ashes, green sand, kelp or gypsum helps to increase potassium level of soil.Avoid using chemical fertilizer as it can damage the roots and decreases the nutrients available. Organic fertilizers are safe to use. It attracts microorganisms and earthworms needed to improve soil’s health and structure.

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